Inky Little Fingers

Artwork Preparation Guide

Hardback books

General information

DON'T PANIC!

We've tried to give you helpful and complete information here. That means there is quite a bit to read as we have to cover all of the options you DON'T want as well as all of the options you DO want. Don't panic! Much of it boils down to common sense and a few key things to remember. Once you have read this guide, you can call the Helpdesk to discuss anything you need more help with. But, please read the guide first.

A note about the construction of these books.

These books are PUR bound book blocks cased in with either a full colour printed hard cover, or a material covered cover. The construction is similar to the hardback versions of popular novels that you see in the book shops. We offer free samples so that you can see the book construction youself before placing an order.

These books are not bound using sewn sections. Sewn sections are often used for thicker books that are going to get intensive use and abuse and especially where it's important that the book lies flat open on a table top by itself. For instance, cookery books intended for fairly frequent use or thicker school reference books. Typicially these lay flat sewn books are printed in their tens of thousands and the technology to produce short run versions at an affordable price is not available. If you think that your book will get intensive use, abuse or is required to lie flat on a table top, we suggest you choose an alternative binding, such as wire or coil.

Why should you bother with all this?

Getting a job commercially printed requires you to prepare your artwork in a specific way. Once you understand this, it's easy to do and you'll get the results that you want. If you don't follow these simple steps, then you may end up with a job that you're not happy with.

Is proofing the same as proof reading?

It's worth remembering that when we proof your book we just check that it is technically capable of being printed. We don't proof read it, we don't check it for factual errors, we don't check or critique the way that you've laid it out, and we don't call you for a chat if we dislike like the colours you've chosen. We're just the printers.

Is creating or editing your original artwork included in the price?

The prices you see on the web site are from your print ready PDFs. We don't design your cover for you inclusive in that price, we don't add photographs or illustrations, we don't alter layout or correct any form of mistakes you may have made. This is purely a printing service. We're very happy to do additional work for you. If this is of interest to you, please call to the helpdesk on 01452 751900 to discuss.

What electronic format do I supply my book in?

You need to supply us with 2 PDF files. One should have a single page that contains the artwork for the case. The second should contain artwork for the book block (inner pages). The exception to this is if you are ordering hot foiling on the case, where you may supply the artwork for the hot foiling as a seperate PDF if you wish. Read on for more detailed information!

Understand the different types of printing.

This is just a straight repeat of the information on the product page and strictly speaking not part of the artwork preparation guide. It bears repeating just in case you missed it.

Why not request some samples from the helpdesk so that you can see the quality of the printing before ordering?

There are four different options available:

All B&W (Standard Quality)

Standard Quality Black & White is printed on the latest generation digital production printers. The quality is very good, resulting in crisp text, graphics and photographs. The print quality of photographs is good, and works well for many types of books, but this is not the highest print quality that we can offer.

We do not recommend high toner (ink) coverage with Standard Quality printing, as a general rule you should not exceed 30-40% toner coverage.

All B&W (High Quality)

This is our highest quality black & white printing for near photographic reproduction. Some people print very large areas of solids (i.e. covering nearly all of the page) when selecting B&W printing and although this can produce striking results, it is not recommended (you will get better and more consistent results using CMYK Rich Black).

A mixture of Colour and High Quality B&W

If you require some Colour pages and some Black & White pages, choose this option. It is not possible to mix Standard Black & White and Colour in the same book.

Colour

Full colour printed on a colour digital press for near photographic reproduction. These presses are used for photobook printing and you should choose this option if that is the type of finish you wish to achieve.

Useful terms.

Understanding some of the lingo is useful as we'll use it when an exact meaning is required. Plus it may come up in Trivial Pursuit one day.

Recto pages

In languages written from left to right, a recto page is on the right hand side when a book is open. It is printed on the "front" of a leaf.

Verso pages

In languages written from left to right, a verso page is on the left hand side when a book is open. It is printed on the "back" of a leaf.

A Leaf and a page

What is a page? This can cause some confusion! It's easiest to explain if you visualise picking up a book. Now open the book anywhere. Look at the recto page (the right hand page) now turn the page and look at the verso page (the left hand page). They are different pages on the same leaf of paper. To put it another way, a 100 page book block has 50 leaves and 100 pages. Another thing that sometimes confuses is blank pages. A blank page is still a page, it's just blank page.

Artwork

This is a generic term, meaning the files that you send to us to print. These are normally PDF files in the format specified in this guide. In this context, this term doesn't refer to photographs or drawings, it simply means your finished work, which may incorporate text, drawings and photographs. It does not mean the file that we send back to you to check, that is the PROOF.

The bluffer's guide to hardback books

The CASE

The case of a hardback book is the back cover, spine and front cover. This is manufactured all in one piece. Hence you might also hear hardback books referred to as "Case bound" books. Inky offers full colour printed cases or material covered cases. Think of cases as a sandwich. For the full colour printed cases, on the outside there is a hard wearing gloss or matt laminate, this is bonded onto full colour print in the middle, which is in turn bonded onto sections of rigid board. For material covered cases, your choice of material is bonded onto sections of rigid board. To clarify a little, there are a wide variety of "materials" that can be used to cover book cases, from book cloth and linen to fake lizard skin!

The BOOK BLOCK

The book block is made separately. Traditionally, it has been made of sewn sections (called signatures) that are glued together. This is an expensive process to set up and not well suited to digitally printed books. The alternative is to use a fully glued book block. Historically, the big disadvantage of this method is that the hotmelt (EVA) glue widely used for this purpose was not really suitable, being brittle and not strong enough for bigger book blocks or difficult papers like silk or gloss. The solution is to use a newer system called PUR binding. PUR is much stronger than standard hot melt, it's tolerant of higher and lower temperatures and as it is flexible, not brittle, your books open flatter and without cracking the spine. PUR binding has been extensively used for mass market hardback books for a number of years now, but the technology has only recently been perfected that allows us to use PUR for short to medium run digitally printed books. The PUR machinery is also very expensive, which is why only a small handful of printers like Inky are able to offer this secure and flexible binding method.

End Papers and Fly Leaves

During assembly, the inside of the front and rear covers are covered by pasted on end papers. This end paper carries on and forms the first (and of course last) leaf of the book. This unpasted part of the end paper is called the fly leaf or fly paper. As standard our end and fly papers are white uncoated paper and are unprinted.

We can do all sorts of wonderful things with the end papers, including printing on them and using coloured or special papers. Unfortunately this a fairly complex task that takes quite a lot more time and money so we don't offer this as a standard option through the web site. If this is what you want, pick up the phone and have a chat with the helpdesk, but please remember that it's unlikely to be cost effective for only a few books.

Assembly

The case and book block are assembled together using a casing-in machine. Once the cased in, the book must be pressed and the joints heated and set correctly. In our bindery we use a combined book press and joint-setting machine to give you a top quality product. The book block should float free of the spine, but be securely bonded to the front and back of the case with a hinge. Some short run hardback books have pages glued directly to the case. This is a very, very bad idea. It is unlikely to last very long and cannot lay anywhere near flat.

Inky manufactures books with high quality cases and PUR bound book blocks; make sure that you don't settle for anything less!

What format should my hardback book be in?

Two PDFs

Unless you have made special arrangements, you should supply us with two PDF files. One for the cover and one for the inner pages. A detailed description of how to create these files follows, but here are the basics. For the cover PDF we require one page. The PDF containing the inner pages ("the Book Block") should contain seperate pages, NO SPREADS of any kind (that includes printer's spreads). Don't try to do any imposition: just the pages, in the right order, one at a time.

To learn more about creating a PDF (and why it's necessary for the curious), please read our little guide here:
CREATING A PDFopen link in new window

Always make sure that you select the "PDF X/1a" preset when using Adobe products to create a PDF. Other manufacturers products will vary, but try to choose the "commercial print" preset if available as this will tend to get rid of any common nasties while the PDF is being created.

Make sure that you set the correct page size!

Please don't use any "printers marks", they interfere with our pre-press procedures (i.e. slow us down and literally get in the way) and we will just delete them anyway.

If there is an option to "embed fonts" when creating your PDF, turn it on.

Always take a good look at the PDF before you send it to us and double check the page size.

Did you check the PDF before sending it?

Yes, we are repeating ourselves, this was already covered in the guide!

Make sure that you set the correct page size!

Hold on a second, I think you skimmed that a bit too fast! I'd better mention it again: Make sure that you set the correct page size!

While you are taking a good look at the PDF before you send it to us, point your mouse cursor at the bottom left of the page (assuming that you are using Acrobat or Acrobat Reader). Your page size will be displayed.

TIFFs or JPEGs

These formats are not accepted for books. To be clear, of course the images within your PDF files can be TIFFs or JPEGs! We just can't accept (for example) 500 separate JPEG files as your 500 page book block. The book block needs to be supplied as a PDF, the images within the book block can be TIFFs or JPEGS.

Some tips on choosing software to create your book

If you haven't already started work on your book and are not sure what software application to use, have a read of our handy little guide for some tips:

WHAT SOFTWARE SHOULD YOU USE TO CREATE YOUR ARTWORK?open link in new window

How to create your cover (case) artwork

Let's call it a case...

If you've read the Bluffer's guide, you'll know that the rear cover, spine and front cover of a hardback book are in fact all part of the same thing: the case. So from now on we'll call it that in this section for clarity. If you don't know what the case is, please read the Bluffer's Guide above.

Need some help?

We realise that creating accurately sized and laid out artwork for your hardback book case can be tricky if you haven't done it before. Our artworkers are very experienced and what might take you ages, will only take them only around half an hour. So, it is often a time (and sanity) saving idea simply to ask us to lay out the cover for you and we'll then provide you with a finished PDF to work from. Please speak to the helpdesk about this. For more complex or artistic cover designs, we also have a very experienced Graphic Designer who can quote you for cover design from your brief. Again, please contact the helpdesk to discuss this option.

Don't forget to watch the tutorial.

If you are trying to create a cover using a word processor, there is a tutorial video below that shows you step by step how to do this using a free Desk Top Publishing application (Scribus). Many of the concepts are the same if you are using a different application. The video is in HD and hosted by YouTube, so you can watch it in full screen, or watch it on YouTube where there are other options for viewing the video at different sizes.

Since we created this video, the hardback book product page has been updated and now works out all of the dimensions for you. So you can now largely ignore the bits where we explain how to calculate these!

The spine.

When you use the price calculator to work out a price and order your books, it will also tell you the APPROXIMATE thickness of the spine (it's in the description, in the "notes"). Make sure you note this down and use it when creating your cover. Please remember that this is only approximate and the thicker the book, the larger the discrepancy might be. If it's vital that your spine measurements are precise, we always recommend ordering one book as a "dummy" before committing to the whole print run. If you are interested, there are more details about how we estimate the spine width later in this guide.

Be realistic about printing on the spine.

If you have a very thin spine, don't expect to be able to print on it!

Visualise your case.

When designing your case, it can help to visualise it. Imagine a hardback book. Now (as you briefly turn into the Incredible Hulk), you rip the whole case off in one piece (not that you would ever do this!). Open the cover flat and put it down on a table top. The rear cover is on the left, the spine is in the middle and the front cover is on the right. An electronic version of this layout is how you need to send us your cover.

simple diagram of a cover

Creating artwork for a printed case.

Create the artwork in your favourite DTP application or Word processor as ONE page and supply the artwork for the case as ONE complete PDF page. It's laid out in the same order as the image above. Don't worry that this bit seems complicated, it's really pretty straightforward and you will get a soft proof to check that shows you the position of the spine and the edge of the case.

The good news is that unless you need a custom sized book, we've worked all the measurements out for you. Look in the "notes" section of your quote (it's also recorded in your order description if you've got that far) and that lists the dust cover artwork overall page size plus the flap and cover widths.

What dimensions are the case artwork?

You will need a custom sized page. Use the following to work out the height and width.

  • Height = book block height PLUS 24mm.
  • Width = book block width TIMES 2, PLUS the width of the spine, PLUS 30mm.

for example, an A5 book with a 15mm spine. The CASE ARTWORK dimensions should be approximately as follows:

  • Height = 210mm, PLUS 24mm, EQUALS 234mm.
  • Width = 148mm TIMES 2, PLUS 15mm, PLUS 28mm, EQUALS 339mm.
What dimensions are the front and rear covers?

The front and rear covers are all part of the single page of artwork that you are supplying for the case, but you still need to know how big they are so that you can centre and align your content accurately.

One thing for you to keep in mind is that when we refer to the size of a book, we are really talking about the book block (inner pages). The covers are always slightly larger than the book block.

The front and rear covers of a hardback book are larger than the book block by approximately 6mm on the width and 8mm on the height. This gives you an overhang of approximately 4mm top and bottom (open edges) of the book block. On the width this gives you an approximate 4mm overhang on the open edge plus 2mm extra over the spine. Just take a look at any hardback book and this will be clear.

A bit more explanation about the size

You need to be armed with a little more information before you get cracking. Bear with me, we're nearly there!

The alert reader will have added up the dimensions of the front and rear covers and the spine and is now wondering why the case artwork page size is even bigger than this. The reason is that your full colour print wraps around the edge of the case and then underneath the front and rear end papers for a neat finish. Read the Bluffer's Guide for a reminder about what the end papers are. The end papers are the same size as the book block, so stop approximately 4mm from the edge of the cover. From this you can see that we need an extra 2mm of case artwork to wrap around the edge, plus 4mm on the inside to reach the end paper, plus 4mm to go under the end papers to give us a little wriggle room in the bindery.

One more tip - centering artwork on the front cover

This may, or may not matter to you. As mentioned previously, there are several stages to making your hardback book. One of the last stages is setting the joints. We do like our jargon in this business just as much as anywhere else, so here's a translation. The joints are part of the hinges of your front and back cover. Specifically, for a hardback book, these are the depressed areas between the spine and the cover. Because we make you proper hardback books, the cases are made using a glue that can be reactivated during the later joint setting stage. This means we make nice crisp joints that are properly formed. Hopefully you now have a mental picture of this part of the book! When you design your case artwork, you may need to factor in these joints. In other words your artwork will follow the contours of the book joints and if you center your (for example) front cover artwork absolutely, it will end up appearing to be slightly off center. This is only a small difference and won't matter in many cases. As a rule of thumb, if you offset your FRONT cover artwork 5mm to the right, although this will look slightly wrong in your design, "optically" it will look more precisely centered when your hardback book is made. Of course, the reverse is true for your REAR cover.

Phew, finished! Don't worry if you got a little lost on the way. Make sure that your case artwork dimensions match the calculations above and then when you get your proof you can check to make certain everything is in the right place.

More details about spine thickness.

In the previous section, we explained that the "spine width is only approximate". That's sufficient information for most circumstances, but this section has more detail, in case that is useful to you.

How accurate is our spine thickness calculator?

It's reasonably accurate, but read the rest of this discussion to understand the degree to which it may vary. If it is vital to get the spine thickness accurate then you should order a single copy of your book on the exact same paper your main run will use and measure that.

How do we calculate spine thickness?

We use two basic measurements: the paper thickness and the rigid board thickness. We have a process to add an "approved paper" (welcome to the world of manufacturing driven by ISO9001 processes!) and until we go through the process again to change the paper for whatever reason, we will always use that specific paper for that specific product. When we add an approved paper, the mill will tell us the "nominal thickness" for each weight. You can think of that as the "target" thickness that the mill aims for and the specification of the paper that we use generally has a plus or minus tolerance of no more than 8% of the weight and thickness. For instance, a 130gsm gloss paper may have a nominal thickness of 98 microns, but be delivered to us at 92 microns. That's well within specification and we must accept that consignment. We measure the first batch of paper that we receive from the mill with a very precise micrometer and this is the thickness that we use in our spine width calculator (we have found that this is much more accurate than using the mill's own nominal values). So, you can see that from batch to batch of paper that the mill manufactures, the actual thickness of the paper can vary somewhat. It is not a large variation and does not affect the quality of your product, but the ACTUAL thickness of your spine can be different to the CALCULATED value, especially if you have a large number of pages. Much the same issue can occur with the rigid board that we use to make the cases.

How to create your dust cover artwork

Basic layout.

Please remember, this is a guide for experts and people who want to learn how to do it themselves. We also offer a low cost artwork service where we will lay it all out exactly for you. Please have a chat with the helpdesk on 01452 751900 if you'd like to discuss this option.

Create the dust cover artwork in your favourite DTP application or Word processor as ONE page and supply the artwork for the dust cover to us as ONE PDF page. You can send this to us as a separate PDF or in the same PDF as your case artwork (if you are ordering a printed case).

Lay the dust cover out in the same order as the image below. See the next section for measurements. Don't worry if this seems a bit complicated. It's really pretty straightforward and you will get a soft proof to check that shows you the position of the spine and the edge of the case.

simple diagram of a dust jacket

You must figure out how to create a custom page size in your chosen application! It's no good bunging everything onto whatever the default page size is and hoping for the best, that simply won't work. We do explain how to set up a custom page size in Open Office Writer in the video tutorial (above), but if you don't know how to set up a custom page size in your specific application, look it up in your application's help or google for a tutorial.

We suggest that, unless you are an experienced designer, you make life a lot easier and keep the same background colour or image over the entire dust jacket. Getting panes of different colours to line up exactly right over every fold in the dust jacket is a tricky job and best avoided if you can!

Calculating the custom page size and other measurements.

The good news is that unless you need a custom sized book, we've worked all the measurements out for you. Look in the "notes" section of your quote (it's also recorded in your order description if you've got that far). This lists:

  • the overall custom page size for the dust cover artwork
  • the front and rear flap widths (the height is the same as the dust cover)
  • the front and rear cover widths (the height is the same as the dust cover)
  • the estimated spine width (see the section "More details about spine thickness" for more details)

If you are using a DTP application, it's easy to set up some guides and accurately position your content using these measurements. If you're using a word processor, it's a little more fiddly.

The gimlet eyed will have noticed that we have simplified things a little for you. In fact the width dimension given for the front and rear covers include 2mm extra that wraps around the end of the case.

Custom sized books.

If you want a custom sized book, then you need to do a bit of basic arithmetic to calculate the dust jacket artwork size.

Width. Spine width + (3 x book block width) + 26mm.

Height. Book block height + 12mm.

How to create artwork for Hot Foiling

In a nut shell.

You must supply the artwork for your hot foiling in PDF format. All hot foil artwork must be in BLACK. Do not mix your hot foil artwork with your printed case artwork (if ordered) or book block artwork.

For very simple hot foiling.

We realise that some people will have simple requirements for hot foiling, for example a line of text for the title and a line of text for the author name. In this instance, it is sufficient to supply the text at the correct size and font in your PDF and give us instructions via the helpdesk on where you wish to place it. A simple message along the lines of "Please centre these two lines on the front cover" will suffice.

Everything else.

You must provide the artwork for the areas to be hot foiled as one or more PDF pages. Do not confuse PDF pages with PDF files, one PDF may have several pages. Expert designers may wish to supply us with ONE PDF page, correctly sized to the case artwork. The advantage of this method is that if you are using DTP software, you can position your hot foil clearly and accurately on the case. Alternatively, you may find it easiest to supply your hot foiling artwork as separate pages for the rear cover, the spine and the front cover. This method is likely to be easier if you are using a word processor, rather than DTP software. It is important that you keep the pages in the following order: rear cover, spine, front cover. If they are in a different order, please clearly tell us that and check your proof very carefully. Do not make us guess, we may get it wrong! If you have only ordered one or two sections to be hot foiled and wish to use supply separate pages, just supply pages for the sections that you've ordered, there is no need to send us empty pages.

To save any confusion, we suggest that you save the hot foil artwork in it's own PDF file.

If you have ordered a printed case AND hot foiling you will ideally supply us with three PDF files: (1) the case artwork (2) the hot foil artwork (3) the book block artwork.

If you have ordered hot foiling and NO printed case you will ideally supply us with two PDF files: (1) the hot foil artwork (2) the book block artwork.

If you have difficulties splitting the artwork up like this, please have a chat with the helpdesk to sort out the best way forward.

Please refer to the previous sections for the sizes you need.

All of your artwork for hot foiling MUST SIMPLY BE IN BLACK. Do not send a mixture of colours, you will not like the results! Text and simple graphics work best with hot foiling. If you wish to print a graphic on your case, keep it simple and solid black. Do not use tints (a percentage of black), they do not translate well to hot foiling.

Important note. If you have ordered a printed case and hot foiling, DO NOT attempt to mix your full colour case artwork and your hot foil artwork on the SAME PAGE. That simply will not work.

Spine width.

We cannot currently hot foil onto spine widths less than 8mm.

IMPORTANT - digital hot foiling limitations.

It's pretty amazing that we can now hot foil on hard back cases digitally. In the past this popular option was only available for long runs of books but the new digital print process means that we can hot foil any quantity at all. However, it does have some technical limitations that you need to understand. Your artwork cannot go all of the way to the edge of the case (the hardback cover), there must be a clear 3mm gap all the way around. You can print on the spine, but be realistic about what you can fit in. Very small text will not work well with digital hot foiling and there must be an approximate 3mm gap between the printed area of the spine and the edge of the spine. We also recommend that you do not print on the "hinges". These are the 13mm wide areas from the edge of the spine to the front and back covers. If you visualise a hardback book, the hinge areas are the depressed areas next to the spine that flex when the covers are opened. This means that we do not recommend a continuous print that covers the spine and one or both covers. If you do want this kind of complex design, we may be able to help. However, you must discuss this with the helpdesk before placing your order and some additional charges may apply.

We do not recommend large areas of solid foil for digital hot foiling. This is most commonly seen where the designer has a solid block of foil with a small area (for example text) reversed or knocked out. This can cause consistency problems with digital hot foiling. If in doubt, call the helpdesk to discuss.

If your design is complex, we suggest that you order a single book to start with before committing to a larger quantity.

How to create your inner pages (Book Block)

It will help to read the "useful terms" near the start of this page before reading the rest of this section.

Page layout.

Page order.

We're not trying to insult your intelligence, but this issue has come up a few times now, and has caused problems, so it's worth making crystal clear. When you open a hardback book, page one of your book is on the recto (right hand) side facing you. It is not printed a page or two in, it is not printed on the back of the cover. This is of course just like every hardback book you have ever read. If you want your book to start printing on a verso (left hand) page, you need to insert a blank page. That blank page will be "page one" of your book and should be the first page in your book block PDF.

We remind you (full information about how a hardback book is constructed is in the "Bluffer's Guide" above) that a hardback book has an end paper and a fly leaf. Unless you have made specific arrangements with us, end papers and fly leaves are blank.

Page sizes.

The page size should be the size that you have chosen for your book, for example an A5 book will be 210mm x 148mm. If your pages are BLED, then you need to add 2mm bleeds all round. If you don't know what a bleed is, please read the explanation in the help area (help > artwork > bleeds).

Margins.

We recommend that you use a minimum of 12mm margin on the top, bottom and outside edge of your page and 18mm on the inside of your page. You may find this difficult to lay out if you are not used to creating books, or you don't have DTP (Desk Top Publishing) software. In that case you should consider making all of the margins at least 18mm. Larger books should have larger margins. For example, a "C" sized may will look better and be easier to read with a minimum of 25mm margins.

Remember: these are general guidelines. Many designers completely ignore them because their specific requirements are different, for example printing notes in the margin area is often used with text books. A good common sense rule is: if in doubt, just print one and then make your necessary changes after examining that.

Page numbering.

It may seem obvious, but we recommend that you always number your pages. There a few different ways to do this, i.e. numbering prefaces and appendices seperately and these are all fine, however it is generally accepted that with hardback books that the covers and fly leaves are not counted as numbered pages.

Be consistent in where you put your numbers. If you want numbers on the outside of each page and your book is in a left to right written language, remember that on right hand ("front" or recto) pages the number should be on the right hand side. On left hand ("back" or verso) pages, the number should be on the left hand side. Desk Top Publishing software (DTP) normally has tools to help you with much of this, but word processing software may not. The easy alternative is just to put your numbers in the middle!

Blank pages.

We do not insert blank pages! You may think that it is just common sense that chapters should start on a recto page and this will automagically happen, but it doesn't. If the previous chapter ends on a recto page and you want the next chapter to also start on a recto page, insert a blank verso page before the new chapter. We print exactly what you send us, so if you want a blank page, insert a blank page. Blank pages count toward your black and white page count.

Pages and spreads.

The PDF containing your inner pages (the book block) should simply consist of pages, not spreads.

A spread is printing terminology that means adjacent pages where artwork spreads out over both pages, for example a photograph. While designing a book, these adjacent pages are often viewed side by side and in some applications you can create your PDF with these spreads as one joined page. You must not submit a PDF with spreads, just the separate pages please. Although spreads are often used in softback and hardback books, you need to remember the limitations of this binding method, i.e. this type of book does not lay completely flat when opened and therefore the centre of your spread will be obscured by the spine.

Typography.

Typography primarily covers the font type, style, size and position of the text used in your book. Consideration should also be given to the line spacing, margins, page numbering and more. This is really beyond the scope of this guide, but there are several good books on the subject and some useful information can be found by "googling" for it.

Here are a couple of general pointers that may be of some help:

  • Text will generally look better if it is justified, i.e. with the words spaced so that lines have straight and even margins.

  • Don't make the font sizes too small. It's difficult to give you a firm "use 12 point" rule, as each font will vary. In general, anything under 10pt in any font is likely to be too small. Print out a page in the font & size you are thinking of using, take a good look at it and then show it to other people. Take a trip to the bookshop and look at a few books. Does your font look smaller than is generally used?

  • Use a small number of fonts and use them consistently. We've seen some very ugly books that have used a jumble of different fonts. Keep it simple and use fonts for specific purposes. For example; one font for your text, one font for headings, one font for illustration titles. Three fonts should be plenty for most books, but some reference books will need more.

Microsoft Publisher, notes

Please create a PDF and send this to us.

Some tips:

You can create PDF files from Publisher in a couple of different ways: either download CutePDF (see above), or follow the instructions in this technical note:-
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=F1FC413C-6D89-4F15-991B-63B07BA5F2E5&displaylang=en

Clicking on the link above will take you away from inkylittlefingers.co.uk so if you want to open the link in a new window click on the following link
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=F1FC413C-6D89-4F15-991B-63B07BA5F2E5&displaylang=en open link in new window

Please note that Publisher does have a pretty big "issue" with transparencies (apparently this is not a bug!) that mainly affects GIF and PNGs. Basically Publisher will create PDFs with thousands of 1px by 1px images. This will make your computer run very slow and it causes major pre-press problems for us. The way to fix this is to delete the offending images, remove the transparency on the original image files (i.e. in an image editing application) and then import them again into Publisher.

InDesign

Please create a PDF and send this to us.

If you want us to print from your InDesign files then we can do this, but there will be an extra charge. Please contact the helpdesk to discuss this if you cannot supply your book as a PDF. If you send us InDesign files, we strongly recommend that you convert the text to outlines (use "create outlines") and you embed the graphics (links > embed file).

Microsoft Word

Please create a PDF and send this to us. If you don't have PDF creation software, please read the note above regarding cutepdf.

If you want us to print from your Word files then we can do this, but there will be an extra charge, and you will need to send us the fonts that you use. Please contact the helpdesk to discuss this if you cannot supply your book as a PDF. Make sure that you set the correct page size!.

Everything Else

If you have your file in a different format and you cannot create a PDF, then please call the Help Desk for advice on how to proceed, we can help in nearly all cases!

ISBN Numbers Demystified

This is a quick overview of ISBN numbers in relation to books. Why you might need one and how you obtain one.

Do I need one?

The first thing to note is that there is no legal requirement for you to have an ISBN number and it does not confer any form of copyright protection. It's simply a product number that will be useful if your book is to be sold in book shops. You should also be aware that when using ISBN numbering, there are strict rules on what changes are permitted to the book after publication that must be adhered to.

How do I get one?

The UK ISBN Agency is run by Neilson Book. If you want a UK ISBN number for your book, this is where they come from. The vast majority of people get their ISBN numbers from Neilson. It's a bit of a fiddle and you have to buy a minimum "block" of 10 numbers, but the end result is that YOU are the publisher of record. If you get your ISBN number elsewhere, for example from the service that prints your book, then THEY are the publisher.

You can visit the Neilson Book web site here:

http://www.isbn.nielsenbook.co.uk open link in new window

Follow the link to the "services for new publishers". The minimum purchase is a block of 10 numbers. The advantage of obtaining your own ISBN number is that you are then the publisher of record. Neilson have some excellent information on their web site about how to use their service. When you complete the necessary form, they will also register your book details on the Publishers International ISBN Directory and the Nielsen Book’s Publisher Database. You should read up on this. These are used by booksellers and libraries to provide information for customers.

Can Inky sell me an ISBN number?

In theory we can, but as the Neilson route is relatively simple and low cost, it's very rare for us to do this. This is more expensive than the Neilson route as we are essentially filling all the paperwork in for you!

Can Inky create me an ISBN bar code?

Yes, Inky has the software to create ISBN bar codes. We make a small charge for this and email you the bar code in EPS (vector) and TIFF (bitmap) formats ready for you to insert into your artwork. Speak to the helpdesk to arrange this. You must have the ISBN number first before we can generate a bar code for you.

What is "Legal Deposit"?

You should also remember your obligations under "Legal Deposit", if your book is to be published and distributed in the UK. If you have an ISBN number and intend to distribute your book for sale in the UK, you should ensure that one copy is deposited with the British Library. You also have an obligation to supply a copy to the 5 Legal Deposit libraries. This deposit is only legally required if a claim is made by the libraries within 12 months of publication, but in many cases publishers will make this deposit as a matter of course. If we are the publisher of record, then we can manage this process for you for an additional fee, but we will only make the 6 library deposit, i.e. we will not wait for and process claims.

CMYK and RGB

Do I have to supply my file in CMYK?

This is relevant for case artwork or inner pages printed in full colour.

No you don't have to supply your file in CMYK. If you supply your file in RGB we will convert it to CMYK as part of the proofing process.

Bluffer's guide to RGB and CMYK

RGB (Red, Green, Blue) are the basic components of the colours emitted by your monitor. All the colours that you can see on your monitor are made up from RGB in different proportions. CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and blacK) are the ink pigments used to reflect light back to you from the printed sheet. The full colour images that you see on a printed sheet are actually made up from complex patterns of CMYK. RGB colours must be converted to CMYK so that they can be printed. This conversion is usually hidden from you when you are using a desk top printer. Because RGB has a wider gamut (range of possible colours) compared to CMYK, not all RGB colours can be printed accurately in CMYK. For this reason, professional designers will usually design their artwork in CMYK and preview it on screen in simulated CMYK.

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-V4 2627/01/2018-

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